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HARMONISE - Holistic Approach to Resilience and Systematic Actions to Make Large Scale Urban Built Infrastructure Secure

For the first time, more than 50% of the world's population live in urban areas. By 2050, c. 70% of people are likely to be city dwellers, compared with less than 30% in 1950. This trend brings with it increased security and safety threats in urban areas, not least to urban built infrastructure. The central aim of HARMONISE was to develop a comprehensive, multi‐faceted, yet mutually‐reinforcing concept for the enhanced security, resilience and sustainability of large scale urban built infrastructure and development. Large scale urban built infrastructure is a critical node within the intertwined networks of urban areas, which include not only physical components, but also integrated hardware and software aspects. To date, a comprehensive and holistic approach to improve the resilience and security of large scale urban developments (i.e. shopping centres/areas, sports venues or business centres with underground transportation nodes) against attacks and disruptions, has not been developed thoroughly. HARMONISE was grounded in a holistic view of innovation. The project recognised the necessity to improve the design of urban areas and increase their security against, and resilience, to new threats. Specifically, HARMONISE seeked to deliver (a) a holistic HARMONISE Interactive Semantic Intelligence Platform; (b) a suite of innovative tools (toolkit hosted within the HARMONISE platform); (c) greater understanding and awareness of urban security and resilience vis‐a‐vis dissemination activities; and, (d) commercialisation opportunities among emerging new markets in this field. HARMONISE resulted in significant resilience enhancement methods for large scale urban built infrastructure.

Work Plan

Work Package 1 (WP1) was based on a number of inter‐linked objectives as integral to evaluating the current state of the art. In completing the objectives of WP1, the HARMONISE project informed the research paradigm on resilience of large scale urban built infrastructure, by developing a conceptual framework that delivered both an innovative pathway for moving the current research position beyond state of the art and one that can be adopted by end‐users in their decision making and implementation. Work Package 2 (WP2) was designed to run in parallel with WP3 to ensure a robust top‐down and bottom‐up catalyst for advancing state of the art. It specifically involved the development of the holistic integrated concept to construct an electronic, interactive, holistic urban resilience information platform which hosted and enabled a portfolio of search, diagnostic, scenario modelling, management and educational tools.  Work Package 3 (WP3) aimed to achieve a multi‐disciplinary interlinking of tools and methodologies to ‘harmonise’ urban resilience planning and practice, which was perhaps lacking in the current SOTA. Whilst this was facilitated by the development of the Harmonise Interactive Semantic Intelligence platform concept (H-ISIP) in WP2, it was largely be delivered via the HARMONISE ‘toolkit’ which required the creation and integration of such tools. The toolkit proposed encompassed solutions at the planning and design stage right through to daily operation/management. Work package 4 (WP4) concerned the use of case study analysis and applied demonstrations to test the effectiveness and integration capacity of the HARMONISE concept in practice. The urban case studies were derived from a number of heterogeneously distinct urban locales from across Europe. Work Package 5 (WP5) was running in parallel with the case study application stage (WP4), allowing synchronization of activities and evaluation. This ensured the timely delivery of feedback on the viability and value of HARMONISE platform and toolkit to facilitate enhancement and refinement. The core objective of Work Package 6 was to disseminate key findings and outcomes from ‘HARMONISE’ in a coherent and structured manner in order to maximise project impact and outreach across key stakeholder groupings.


06/2013 - 05/2016


Funded by European Commission (EU-FP7 Security Call 5).


Dr. Tim Lukas | Dr. Dominic Kudlacek


Institute for security systems

University of Wuppertal
Institute for security systems (ISS)
Talstr. 71
42551 Velbert

T: +49 (0)2051/93322-0
Q: +49 (0)2051/93322-29


Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Das Projekt wurde gefördert im 7. Rahmenprogramm der Europäischen Union (EU-FP7 Security Call 5)